This book is transcribed from a copy currently at the National Art Library in London, England. Although this is the 1605 edition, the original edition was printed in 1586.
Many of these recipes are translated verbatim from T Bouck va Wondre, an early 16th century Dutch manual on dyeing, cleaning and other household hints. The text suffered in translation. The primary transcription error was the translation of "weld" as "wood". Madder was consistantly translated as "greening weede".
My comments on individual recipes are in italics beneath each recipe.
To wash a Scarlet which is greasie
Take of white Carter well and finely beaten, foure ounces: then boyle it in two pound of fayre water, till the third part be consumed; then take it from the fyre, & let it coole, and then straine it through a linnen cloth, and when you will use thereof, make it then milke warme & wash therewith your cloth. Then hang it to dry, and you shall see it fayre, and returne to his first estate and coloure againe.
To make all colours of silkes which be stained, to come to their first colour againe.
First take one ounce of unquenched lime, and of the ashes of a vyne one ounce, also of ashes of an oake one ounce & a halfe. Put all these into a bason of cleare water, and meddle them all well together, then heat them a little ouer the fyre, and when it is warme, take it off the fyre, & let it clarifie a while, so done, then take a spoonge and wash your stainie spottes therewith, and see that ye weat no other place, but the spottie places onely, and so they will be well againe.
To make a sope to take foorth greace or other spots whatsoeuer they be.
Take one pound of roch Allom burned and made into a fine poulder. Also take of the rootes cald flames of florance (so called in Dutch) halfe a pound: then beate it into a poulder. Then take a new layd egge, & of white sope two pounde & a halfe, then blend your poulder and your egge & sope altogether well, and thereof make pellots or bals, & if one egge be not suficient, then take two, or soe much as shall suffice to make your said past withall, and when ye shall haue occasion to take foorth any spotte take first of common water & wash your spottes on both sides withall warme, then take of the said pellots, and rubbe all ouer the spots in the cloth: so done, then wash out the filth with fayre & cleare water & if there remaine some part & be not all cleane, wash it againe as afore is mentioned, till it be all cleane, & so shall ye haue it as faire as before.
Another good way to take foorth spottes of greace out of any woolen or linnen.
Take first a little fayre water, all to weate and rubbe therewith the said greacie spots. Then take a quantitye of walkers claye, called Fallers earth, and rub a little therewith your spottes all ouer. Then rubbe and chafe your cloth one upon another, so done, take a siluer spoone or such like thing, and scrape out the said filthie water and greace, and if then it be not all cleane foorth, doe so againe as before is mencioned, and then take a little warme water, & all to weat the sayd place therwith so done. Then wring and scrape it foorth as the other before. Being then cleane, let it be dried and it will be well.
To take away all spottes on coloured clothes, be they linnen or woolen.
If there chance by fortune, to fall a droppe of ynke, or any other staine, upon any cloth dyed or colored, or being cleane white, woollen or linnen. Ye shall doe as hereafter followeth, that is: take of the iuyce of rawe Lymons, or the iuyce of a great Orang Apple, which hath a hard pill or skinne, which the Italian cals Pommes Dadam. Or if ye will take onely the egar or sharpe iuyce which is in the Pouncitron, and straine it foorth thereof, and with the iuyce thereof ye shall all to rubbe and chafe all the said spottie places, and then wash it with luke warme water, and so then scrape out all the filth thereof, with some spoone as aforesaid or wringe it cleane foorth with your handes. If at the first time peraduenture it bee not cleane, use it likewise againe the second tyme, as before, and so your cloth will come unto as good estate as it was at the fyrst, nor this shall not hurt any colour thereof.
Another good way to make cleane spotts of greace, out of all woollen clothes.
Take an hearbe called wood sorel, or subwort, which is greene, & groweth in woods in bushes & stubs of old trees, and hath three small leaues lyke a heart, it tasteth sharpe like other sorrell. Which hearbe ye shall distill in a limbec, and so reserue the distild water in a glasse very close, and when you neede to take forth any spot of greace, then take of the distilde water, and rubbe therewith all ouer the saide spots. Then chafe your cloth one upon another: so done, take a spoone or some other lyke thing, and take away the saide filthy water therewith. Then if it be not all cleane, do it likewise againe as before, with the distilde water warmed, & then ye shall see it will doe well, and shew fayre and cleare as it was at the first.
Another good way to take out spots out of clothes with a lye.
Take 3 pintes of water, and put therein halfe a pound of pot ashes, and stirre it well altogether. Let it so stand the space of foure dayes, but yee must in euerie day stirre it 3 or foure times. So done, powre forth the cleere water from the ashes, and put off galles therein, then it will waxe a greene: but if you will haue it a blacke, then put a little soote to soake in faire water, and put that blacke water therein. With this warmed, yee may wash your spotty places in any place of your clothes, and it will take it forth faire and cleane.
To perfume cloathes.
Take a Violl of Rose water, in the which ye shal put eighteen or 20 graines of Muske and Ciuet, with a little of Ambergrease, then set all on the fire, and when it begins to wax warme, take it from the fire, and let it coole, and stop it close the space of two dayes. And when ye will perfume your cloathes therewith, set it on the fire againe, and being warme, hold your Clothes ouer it, and so it shall receiue the fume.
To take out spottes out of gownes and Clothes.
Take the rootes of Limonion cald in latine, in English I take it to be the wild Beete. Take the rootes, and seeth them in water, and with the same water, wash the spottie places in your gownes or other garments, and it wil bee cleane.
To make a sope to take out spottes of oyle and of greace.
Take of good scowring sope, and mixe it finely with the sifted ashes of a vyne, of eche in like portion, then put thereunto a quantitie of the powder of burnt Allom, and also of the lyes of wine, beaten into a fine poulder, and put it thereunto, then mixe and incorporate all these well together, then make thereof square brickes, or round bals, and when you shall haue made to occupie thereof, then take of warme water, and rubbe and chafe all ouer your spottie places, and then rub thereon with your sope ball, if then it bee not all cleane, then must yee take your warme water againe, and rubbe and chafe it as yee did before, and then your sope, and so at length ye shall haue it cleane forth.
A very good waie to take out spottes of oyle out of cloathes.
First ye shall take of the oyle of Carter, and rub therewith on the spotty place, & then scrape it away incontinent againe, then wash it well with luke warme water, and three or four times with cold water, and then wring it foorth, and see if all the spots bee cleane out, if not, wash it againe, so long as you did before, and so the cloth shall be as faire as it was when it was new, or before any spots came on it. There is also another way for to take forth spots with this oyle of Tartar, but because I haue not the true knowledge thereof, I will not heare expresse it.
A sope water to take out all spots.
Also, some doe use to take the water wherein strawberies haue beene sodde, and with that water ye shall weat and soake the spottye places, then take fayre water and washe out all the filth thereof: so done, take and hang it in the sunne to dry, and it will be so cleane as before it was.
A way to take out yron moles out of all linnen cloth.
Take and wring foorth so much of the iuyce of your sowrest Orange, or Lymon that ye can get, then take of the same iuyce, and rubbe the place of the yron mole therewith, so let it drye, and euer as it dryeth in, rubbe it ouer againe, thus doe often, and euer as you haue weat it, let it rest and drye it in the sunne, and at length ye shall see it will bee all foorth and cleane.
A way to take out spots in scarlet or veluet, of what color or sorte so euer it be, not chaunging the colors.
Take a hearbe called of the Surgions Saponaria, in frenche called Foullons, in English sopewort, beat them oft, and take out the iuyce, and put thereof on the spottes, then let it so rest the space of one houre if it be in summer, but if it be in winter let it rest foure houres, then wash those spotty places with faire cleane water, so shall it be cleane to seeme too, but put once againe the sayd iuyce thereon. Also if the scarlet be not died in the cleare grain then ye may put thereunto halfe of blacke sope, with so much of the sayd iuyce, so mingle it together, and then frote it thereon, then let it be washt in luke warme water, and then ye shall see the spots cleane forth. For this way is prooued by experience to be true.
Another way to take out yron moles out of linnen.
irMake a chafer seeth full of water, then take your cloth and wet it with the iuyce of Limons, or sower Orenges, or crabbes, or sower wildings, and then hold it hard to the side of the chafer, and euer as dryeth in, weat it still againe, till yee see the moll go forth: for all these things aforesayd are good, but the iuyce of Limons and Orenges are the best. So euer as ye haue weate your spottes with the sayd iuyce, hold it then hard unto the syde of the chafer, as is aforesayd, thus doe untill it weare away, for this way hath been prooued true often. Or take the boyling iuyce of Sorrell, and lay it therein, and rubbe it with the backe of a spoone till it be out.
How to take out oylie spottes out of parchment or writing paper.
Take a mutton bone and burne it to poulder, then let it be fine beaten, then put of this poulder on both sides of your spots, and let it be prest betweene two hard boordes, the space of two dayes, then take it out, and ye shal see the oyle to be cleane gone, be it either parchment or paper.
Another way to take out spottes of paper
Ye shal take of the water of willow boughs, and make ashes thereof, or ashes of the buds of the vine, with the huskes of greene beanes, steepe them in water a day and a night, then put of the same water on the spottes, then presse it, and let it so remaine for a day and a night, or as ye shall see cause, and ye shall see it will doe well.
A verie good way to take out spottes of clothes.
Take of the rootes of the hearbe called Gentian, in english broome, take and burne of it, and make ashes thereof, and with the ashes make a lye, and with the said lie, ye shall wash your spotty clothes, and in a short space it wil take away all the spots thereof. Well prooued.
A good way to take out spottes out of woollen.
Take ash water, and the powder of Allum together, then take of the ashes thereof, and lay it upon the spottie places on the cloth, and when it is drie: doe sponge it off, and ye shall see it cleane.
Another against staines in linnen cloth.
First take your cloth and rubbe it well all ouer with haye salt, then take an Orange and cutte it in two, and wring the iuyce thereon, and laye the sayd Orange upon the spots also: and so lette it rest an houer or two,
A good way to keepe linnen faire 20 years without remoouing, and will not waxe mouldye nor rotte.
First take your linnen in March (so much as you intend to keepe unremooued) and wash them, and then dry them fayre againe. So lay them up in your Chests untill May next following: then shall ye take them out and wash them againe; when ye haue so washt them, looke that ye doe then drye them thorowly and well, and then fold them faire up, and lay them in your Chests or presse, and yee shall not neede for to remooue them in twentie yeeres after, yet they shall continue drye and well.
How to sponge woolen clothes.
Take a quart of faire water, and let it be heat luke warme on the fire, then take a quantitie of walkers clay and all to crush it therein, then let it stand until it be clere, then poure that water into another potte, and set it on the fire againe, till it begin to seeth: then take of Venice sope, or other good sope, and put thereof into the sayd water, in stirring it well all about, then take it of the fire and all hote, sponge or occupie therewith at your pleasure, in making it alwayes warme, euer when yee will occupie thereof.
How to make crane colour Fustian, to be as fayre canuasse as at the first.
First for the proofe thereof, take a peece of crane colour Fustian, and take also as much of the iuyce of Orenges, or Limons as will weat the sayd peece thorowe, then let it rest and drie in, and the said Fustian wil be as faire canuas as it was before it was coloured: thus if yee can get so much iuyce of Organes or Limons for to serue your purpose, yee may returne the colour againe, what quantitie yee shall thinke good, for this hath beene well prooued.
Thinges to keepe moaths from clothes, verie good in summer and other times.
The flying moathes will bee in the beginning of June, and continue till August, but they are chiefly from mid July to mid August. The running moath hee will continue in your Chests all the yeare long, winter and summer, which are great spoylers of geare and other thinges. For the flying moughth, take the pouder made of drie Orange Pilles, and the powder of Elecompane rootes mixt together, and so cast it among your cloths, also perfume in a chafingdish of coales your clothes therewith. Thus you may use quarterly, and it will saue them. Or ye may take the powder of Arras, with the powder of Ginoper, also the powder of sitrinum cast among clothes, saues them from moathes. Wormewood or Lauendar small preuayleth. Some useth oyle of spike to annoint their Chests, and hang it in bladders therein. Some laies the hearbe called Fleawort, in Latin pulicaris, which if ye lay it in your chamber, no flea will breede, some takes brimstone, and perfumes therewith, but for the running moath I know nothing but strong perfuming, and remoouing your geare.
A way for to take out spottes of wollen clothes.
Take and seeth of common ashes in faire water, and the powder of Allom together, and then take of the sayd ashes and lay thereof on the spots and so rubbe it in, then let it drie, and when it is thorowly dryed, then take a sponge and sponge it away, as it is declared of the other afore.
A good way to helpe all staynes in thinne silkes and woollen cloth.
Take of good strong vineger, and make it luke warme, then dip a blacke cloth therein, and then rubbe therewith your staynie spottes all ouer: so done, then take away so much of the sayd filth as ye can with a spoone, as for the rest, yee must haue all readie a taylors yron hote, and a peece of blacke cloth on the spottes betwixt the yron and the cloth, and so drie out all the rest of the said filth with the hote yron, and then yee shall see it will doe well and bee faire.
A pleasant water to preserue linnen, or any other thing, yeelding a pleasaunt sauour a long time after.
Take 2 pound of spike flowers, as much of rose leaues one pound of cost mary, with halfe a pound of marioram, as much of Balnea, two great handfull of Organy or peniryall, foure ounces of mace, a quarter of a pound of Arras poulder, let all these well soke together in red wine, then put it all into a pot close stopt that the ayre doe not passe. Let it stand so the space of foure and twentie houres, then let it be put into a distillitorie, and see that it bee well stopt (round about) with flowre, egges, and water, mixt well together, and see that no ayre doe come nor goe out, but at the spoute onely. Uppon the end thereof, ye shall hange a fine linnen cloth with a graine of muske or Ambergreace within it, uppon the which ye shall alwaies let the spout drop on, and yee shall see it will be a pure water for that purpose, ye shall also take to the distilling of the foresayd things, halfe a pound of baye leaues, so shall this water be good for the purpose as is afore mentioned.
A good way to washe a shirt, and saue the Gold or silke thereon, from stayning.
Take a new shirt first of all afore it bee euer weat, and lay the coller and ruffes or silke in pisse somewhat warme half an houre space, then take it forth, and then wash it in hote scalding liquor, or seeth it, and it shall neuer stayne the silke. If ye haue not pisse, yee may take grounds of strong beere or ale, and let the silke lye therin the night before ye doe wash it. And this hath been oft prooued verie true. But alwayes ye must foresee, that ye hange not your clothes in the hote sunne after they be washt, but laye another cloth thereon betwixt the Sunne and it, or else the Sunne will chaunge both Golde, Siluer and Silke. Therefore it is better to hang them in some place of shade after their washing, if ye can. Also to sope your water to much, or your clothes is an occasion to staine both gold and silkes. A verie good way is, first to melt your sope in the licour, and then let it coole, and so to wash your clothes therin.
Against clothes stained with wine or vinegar.
Take of warme Cow milke and wash your cloth therin, or wash it in whay and salt, other else as soone as your clothes are so stainde by mischaunce of wine or other thinges, doe cast of salt thereon incontinent, so then it will preserue it from stayning, whether it be wollen or linnen.
A verie good way to take forth waxe or rosin dropt on silke, wollen, or linnen.
Whereas ye shall haue any such occasion to take forth waxe or Rosine dropt on any silkes, or other clothes. First ye shall make a pressing yron hote, or some siluer spoone, with a cole of fire therein, take either of them when they be hote, and first whereas any Rosin or wax is dropt, ye shall first rubbe on the sayd droppes of waxe or rosin all ouer with the end of a tallow candle, then take either your yron or spoone aforesayd, and hold it thereon, laying a peece of browne paper betwixt your yron and your wax, then after yee haue a little so touched it with the heate, (the waxe and tallow will mingle together, and soke into the browne paper) then take it off, and annoint it with the sayd tallow againe, and then hold your hote yron, or spoone, as before, and thus ye must doe, as often as ye shal see cause, untill it be all cleane forth. If the waxe be dropt thorow on both sides, use the one side like the other, and so ys the spotte remoued.
Another way good to helpe spottes or staynes.
Ye shall first take halfe a gall of an Oxe, the older the better, of fenygreke made in fine powder halfe a pound, a quarter of a pound of white sope, a gallon of strong common lye, mixe altogether therein, and set them on the fire, and seeth them softly till they be halfe wasted, and whensoeuer ye will occupie thereof, heate it warme, and wash your spots therewith, in mixing it often with faire cold water, and it shall doe well.
How to take out spots of white silkes, or other colours.
Take of the best and strongest Aquauite three pintes, with the which you shal weat your spots, and take a new layd egge and beat it, and rubbe thereon your said spots. And so set in the sunne and let it drie in: this done, wash it then with a fresh and cleere water, and then wring or presse the sayd water foorth, or presse it betwixt your hands and so they shall be cleane, as for cloth in grayne, ye may wash the spots well with Allom water, then rub cloth unto cloth, and so wash it forth with cleane water againe, and it will be well. If it bee not at the first all cleane out: do so likewise againe, so long as ye shall see cause of any spots remaine, and so they shall be well.
A prooued way how to take out oylie spots out of cloth.
Take of the oyle of Tartar so much as will couer your other staynes, and put it thereon, and straight way take it off againe, and wash it then well with faire warme water. Then take cold water also and wash it 3 or foure times ouer, after that, in changing it still with new water, this done, you shal see it will be as faire as the rest, and as it was before.
Another way to take out all waxe, Rosin or pitch, on Silkes or other clothes.
First take of tallow or other greace (be it salt or fresh) and melt it, and being seething hott put thereof on your sayd spots of Waxe, Rosine, or Pitch, then take of hot licour, and hold your sayd spots therein, and then rubbe cloth upon cloth, betwixt your handes. So done, then wring forth the said greasie water, and if ye then see it will not be all cleane forth, serue it so againe, annointing your sayd spottes with tallow or greace, and then doe cleanse foorth the greazie water as before is mentioned. For this way hath beene wel and often prooued, and doth helpe.
To take forth greace out of Silke, Veluet, Moccado or others.
Take and heat water and put a handful of cleane feathers therein, and then let it coole til ye may suffer your hand therein, and lay your silke abroad, and take your feathers and rub al ouer the spot, then rub thereouer with Castile sope, and then with your feathers again al up and down, weating them twise or thrise, and so rub it up and downe, then wring it a little and drie it in the sunne or wind: but if it be Veluet, after ye haue so rubbed it: the Veluet wil lye, then must ye take a cloth of woollen, and heat it, then annoint it light ouer with butter, and chafe your cloth together, to rub in that butter, then heate it a little, and rub your veluet up and downe therewith, and it will then rise againe, and be as faire as before. Then take the straight bones in sheepes feete that are sodde, and drie them and make them into poulder, with the which you shall lay on the spotted cloth layd in the Sunne, and rubbe this poulder thereon till it goe all forth.
To dye wooll red.
Ye shall put too four pound of woollen yarne, tenne ounces of Allom, and seeth it with branne water so much as ye shall thinke good, then take your yarne out, and put that water out of that Kettle, and put therein againe three parts of fresh branne water, and one part of faire cleere water, and warme it a little on the fire, then put therein two pound of grening weede, and let it so warme a while, then put therin your wooll, and stirre it wel with a sticke the space of three houres, but let it not seeth in any wise, so done, then take out your wooll againe, and put it againe into your Kettle, and put thereto halfe a glassefull of unsleakt lime, with as much of common ashes, and thereto put your wooll againe, and stirre it with a staffe sixe or seuen Paternoster whiles, than take foorth your wooll, and ye shall haue a faire colour. But if yee will haue it yet a more sanguine colour, then must you put into your Kettle halfe a little glasse full of more lime, and a little glasse full of common ashes, and thereto put your wooll againe, and stirre it well still foure or fiue Paternoster whiles, then take foorth your wooll and wash it, and so ye shall haue a verie faire colour.
Another way to make wooll a faire red.
When as your wool is made red after the first maner, then shall ye cast away that licour that is in the kettle, and put into it faire water, and put thereto the cruse full of faire made lye of common ashes, and therein put also an ounce of Allom, then as soone as it beginneth to seeth, put therein your wooll, and stirre it well therein four or fiue Pater noster whiles, then take it forth and wash it, and so you shall haue your wooll a faire color. This maner of dying is after the order of Dorneke in Flaunders.
To dye a faire yealowe.
If ye will dye yealow with wood, take off the wood leaues, and cut off the rootes, then cut them in peeces, and lay them to soke in lye of comon ashes three houres, then seeth it a quarter of an houre, till ye thinke it be meetely well sodde. Then put therein two quarts of water, and as much stale Urine of sixe dayes old at the least, so let them seeth together a little, then cleanse it thorow a siue, and then put unto the same againe, of lye and Urine as aforesayd. Then straine it thorow a faire cloth and seeth it, and to two pound of wood take two pound of Verdegreace, with the lye that ye have sod, your wood and al, putting them in your sayd colour, which must be medled and well stirred all together. Then shall ye boyle it all a little, and it shall be well.
Another colour to dye a yealow with wood.
Take and set a pot with water on the fire, and make it warme. Then take ashes made of Oken wood, and cast thereof into the pot with water, and being warme take it from the fire, and stirre it well. Then cover it close till the next day. Then poure the clearest lye thereof throw a cloth softly into another vessell or pan, then take of good wood, and breake the rootes off, and then cut them small, then wash and rince them in cold water, & then put them into the lie, and there let them soke a night, then take and seeth it, till the halfe be consumed, and when it is wel sod, then all hot clense it thorew a faire cloth, then must yee haue of verdegreace wel and finely beaten into powder, and blend thereof with a spoone amongst your other stuffe, this must be done incontinent thereupon, and also your lye thereunto must be verie strong made.
How to dye linnen or thread redde.
As when ye will dye any Linnen or thread redde, yee shall take one pound of samfleure, and let it soke halfe a day and a night in water milke warme, then put it into a thicke bagge or sacke, and therein wash and rince it in the riuer till the bagge be therewith red, then wring the water well forth, and so take out your samfleure, and spread it uppon a faire bord or Table and make (as it were) a little thinne bedde thereof, then strew thereon of white ashes, in making beddes of your Samfleure, and when ye haue strewed them with ashes, ye shall take to one pound of Samfleure, a quarter of a pound of ashes, which ashes must be burnt and made of the lyes of white Wine, and it must be wel chaft betwixt your handes, the one against the other, then make thereof a small heape, and so let it rest the space of fiue houres. Then shal yee rubbe it againe til it ware warme, then haue readie a faire bason, and sette it under your stuffe, that it may runne therein, and also wring out the iuyce thereof into the sayd bason. Then cast therein a pinte of wine vinegar that is verie good, then yee may put therein a pounde of yarne, and it shal doe wel. But to dye your Linnen cloth, ye shall put it in before your yarne or fustian. Then lay it therein a day and a night, then take forth your linnen or yarne, and then put therein a gallon of ashes of the Ashe tree, and thereunto your linnen, yarne or fustian, and so let it lye therein halfe an houre, then take it out and wring it as well as you can, then by and by hang it in the sunne, then take that water that ye soked first your Samfleure in, and strayne it (as aforesayd) into the bason unto the other colour, then put therein a glasse full of Vinegar, and then you may put therein your yarne, fustian, or linnen cloth, and doe thereunto as is aforesayd.
Another way to dye Linnen in a faire rose
To dye a faire redde Rose colour of Linnen, yee shall take to euerie iiii yards and a halfe of Linnen, half a li. of good gall nots, and seeth them in faire water all whole, the space of 2. Houres. Then take it from the fire, & poure that water into another vessell or fatte, then put your linnen into the sayd water, and let it soke therein the space of foure houres, then take it forth and wring the licour well forth. Then take faire water in a kettle, and set it on the fire, and put therein a quarter of a pound of Allom, and when it is readie to seeth, take it from the fire, and put your cloth therein as soone as ye haue wrung and strayned out your gals aforesayde, but lette it drie a night before first, and then turne it well therein the space of a quarter of an houre. So take it forth and wring it well, & then seeth two ounces of Brasill in faire water, the space of two houres, then take that from the fire, and hange another kettle ouer the fire, and put therein gruys water, so warme it a little, and cast therin two li. of grening wede, then put your linnen cloth therein, and looke that no Allom haue beene in that water. Then let it lye therin halfe an houre, and stirre it wel with a staffe and then take out therof the said linnen, ye may then cast away the same liquor, and wash your kettle cleane, and put therein of the clearest brasill water, and let it wel colour therein. Then take your Linnen and wash it wel in faire water, then take of faire water in a panne, with a little Allom and so seeth them both together: and therein seeth your linnen cloth fiue or sixe Pater noster whiles. Then take out the sayd cloth and wring it well, and after that put the sayd cloth into the kettle of brasill water and therin ye shal turne and winde it wel, the space of a quarter of an houre, then take it forth and wring it a little, and in like wise you shall do with the dying of fustian, but unto your fustian you must haue two parts more of Verdigreace and Allom, and that your fustian must lye therin halfe a day and a night, then wring it forth, and let it drie, then after yee may rayse his cotton with cardes meete for that purpose: if ye will haue your Linnen more fairer, cast into the kettle with your said brasill, some lye made of white Lime, then put your cloth therein, then turne and wind it therein the space of foure pater nosters, and then take it forth thereof, and wring it well, and so hange it up to drie.
How to make your branne water, wherewithall you shall use to dye red.
Ye shall take a hat full of wheat branne, and take so much water as will go into thre smal kettles, so let it haue a welling or two on the fire. Then poure it into a fatte, then take two other kettlefuls of water and warme it, and put it therein also, but first stirre it well, and so couer it wel. The first day you must stirre it often, and then it will be the better, then shall ye let it stand foure or fiue dayes till it waxe the riper, and which will be the better for your purpose, and then ye may occupie as yee shall see cause.
For an yron moll in Linnen.
To take forth any yron moll in linnen cloth, take a chafing dish with coles, then couer the coles with a pewter dish, so let it be hote. Then lay your linnen thereon where the moll is, and with a Limon, or an Orange, but the Limon is better, to rubbe your moll therewith, and still as it dryeth in, lay the iuyce thereon, and still rubbe it so til it be al cleane, and this way will haue it all out. Oft prooued.
To dye silke quoyues in a red.
Ye shall first lay your silk in Allom water, and let it seeth therein, and with branne water also half an houre long both together, then take a little greening weede, and the like of branne water, and let be made hot, and put the silke therein, but let it not seeth, but take it out and rince it in lye, and then in water, and then it will be faire and well.
To dye silke in a sanguine colour.
Ye shall dye silke in a sanguine, as ye must in all sorts, take Allom as ye doe grening weede, then must yee take a little faire water with a little brasill, and seeth them together. Then take part thereof, and seeth the silke therein, and as that is taken out, so take another, and then the third time, & then put it in lye, and clense it, as is aforsayd.
To dye Silke blew.
If ye wil dye blew silke, that silke must then be white, which ye must first soke in water, and then wring it forth, then ye shall put it in your blew dye, and there ye may make it with a light colour or darke, as ye please.
A faire greene cloth.
If ye will haue a faire greene, take a little branne water, and a little allom, and seeth them together, and when the Allom is molten, put your silke therein, and let it seeth the fourth part of an houre. Then take againe a little bran water, and a little wood, and put it therein also, till that it waxe a faire darke yealow. If ye will haue it more yealower, then out it into the blew dye, wherein yee may make it light or darke as ye please.
To dye blacke Silke.
Take to one pound of silke, 12 gall nuts, and beat them to powder, then seeth the silke with the gals in faire water, a good halfe houre long, then take of the blacke dye, and therein seeth it another halfe houre, then take it forth and let it be cold, and then put it againe into the blacke dye, and let it there seeth another halfe houre, if then it be not faire: let it seeth therein so long till it waxe a faire blacke, then spoonge it in the water, and so let it drie.
A purple silke to dye.
When ye will die a purple silk, ye shall take to one pound of silke, 4 ounces of Allom, and seeth the Allom in common water, and lay the silke therein, and let it so lye four houres. Then take to euerie pound of silke, two pound of purple colour, & seeth it together as hereafter is written, which is, ye shall take halfe pisse, and half water together, and seeth it therein till it waxe cleere and faire, and then spoonge it in faire water. Also to each pound of silke it behooueth to haue foure ounces of Allom. Also for red silke to dye with crap die, so called in dutch, which ye shal dye with four pound of Allom, and also ye shall dye sanguine silke with allom, and also yealow ye shall die with allom.
To make a good black dye.
Take a pound of galles, and ye fourth part of coperas, and seeth these together, then put the cloth therein, and stirre it wel about, then hang it to drie, then prepare your dye as thus, take a good great fat, and put therein a fourth part of Rye meale, and halfe so much of swarfe (of the grindstone), and so much of Elder barke, and in like of old yron, & the scales of yron, as it comes off by the hammer heating, stirre this all wel together, and so let it stand three days or euer ye put your cloth therein, and at each time let your linnen drie afore ye put it therein.
To dye a greene.
Take a light blew colour and put it into allom water two houres long, then hange it to the time there as the winde may drie it, and then put it into the foresayd wood and so use it as it is afore declared.
To dye a carnacion.
Take purper that is drie, and lay it to soke a night in pisse, then take you cloth that is allomed and drie, & put it therein, but yee shall seeth the purper twise in faire water, then set another fatte by the fire, and let it seeth, and therein yee shall first put your cloth, and then all weate, put it into your dye, till it be faire ynough.
To make a redde carnation.
To make a redde carnation die, ye must die your white cloth, linnen or woollen, or silke yarne, to do it well, yee shall gall and allom it well. Ye must take an earbe called Foli in dutch, that shall ye finde by ditches & bankes, take a pound thereof that is drie, this is in tufts, and it is hote like wee-ashes and carnation in sight, therewith men doe make a redde carnation woollen cloth, with the greene or white, or of silke, and if any carnation haue lost his colour, or if any carnation haue lost his die, with that ye shall die it againe, that it shall not loose his colour, and to four elles of cloth, ye shall take a pound gruis, or of that hearbe afore named, which ye shal beate to powder, Then shall yee take lye made of Oke ashes, mixe a part therewith, and another part of cleere pisse cleere and old, of each like much. If ye will haue a light die, take pisse new made, and of the foresayd lye in like much, & therewith ye shall die, with the foresayd poulder put therein, and as it is sod, put in that which yee would die, and seeth it two hours long, and then let it drie.
To dye Linnen.
Ye shall first take to one stone of flockes fiue pound of sope ashes (which are called in Dutch Wee Asseen) of the best, with sixteene gallons of water, seeth it together an hour long, and then let it cleere one night, then gently poure of the uppermost thereof, and seeth your flockes therein one hour long, and then prooue if your flockes or silke be ynough sod, also take a little of your flockes in you hand, and thrust it hard to a redde cloth, also put it in your mouth, and if it goe by and by apart like a ripe apple, then it is ynough sod. Then spoonge it in faire water, and then put it in branne water, according to the quantitie of the woollen cloth, and seeth your Flockes therein, then put it out thereof, and take brasill and put it in water according to the quantitie of the linnen, that is to each elle of cloth foure ounces of Brasill, and as the brasil hath sod a while, then strayne the brasil thorow a cloth, and put it again into your Kettle, and your Flocks also, and let them seeth, then take a Ladle ful of lye and put it therein, thus shal ye make it as hye as you wil, and if ye wil haue it more hier, then put more lye herein, also for three pound of Flockes, take foure ounces of Allom, and seeth them together, and if ye wil seeth dyed Flockes, take lye of Sope ashes, as before it is written wich yee shall seeth with Sope ashes, then scoure it, and let it drie.
To dye cloth with facet wood.
As ye will dye cloth with faucet Wood, ye must make your lye with Sope ashes of Denmarke, and raine water, which ye shall let stand three houres long, then seeth it, but the Wood must be first sod in the lye, and when it is soode, let it bee cooled with other colder and sharper lye, with the last lye yee shall put too one pound of yarne, a great peece of Allom, and put it therein. Then shal ye put that dye into a faire kettle or fatte, then take two ounces of Spanish greene, which ye shal soke therein two or three houres long, then tosse and push it up and down twice or thrise, and wring it, and with colder lye put therein, and tosse it with a dish too and fro. Also another manner is, take a dish full of unslect lyme, and quench it with water, then take too dish full of wood ashes, and mixe it with the chalke all together well, and thereof yee shall make a good strong lye, and let it three or foure times run thorow the tubbe, then take the faucet woad, and hew or cut it in small peeces, & cast it into the lye, and let it seeth therein halfe an houre long. Then put therein sope ashes, and let it seeth another good halfe houre, take it then off, & put thereto spanish greene, & let it boyle twise or thrise, and then spoonge it, also with three pound of faucet woad, it behooueth to haue two ounces of spanish greene, & as the cloth hath been in the first licor, if then it be too browne or too yealow, then put therto of wine ashes, & a litle allom.
To dye woollen cloth sanguine.
To dye woollen cloth faire, yee shall first seeth good rye meale in faire water, and then put it in a faire tubbe or pan. Then cast faire water thereon, and let it so stand three days to cleere, then take of that water, & put therein two ounces of allom, to an elle of cloth, and let it seeth two houres long, then let it hang and coole without wringing. Then put that water forth of the vessell with the meale, and put therein a pound of the best grening weed, and heat that also, but let it not seeth, then put your cloth therein, & tosse it wel with your hands without seething, and take it forth and put it in a panne with faire lye, and let it lye therein, and so let it drie, and it wil be a red. If ye will make fairer, you must haue of brasill, take an ounce of Allom and allom it as aforesayd in another water, then seeth two ounces of Allom with that brasill, in branne water made, and as the brasill hath sod a while therein, so put therein of cold water, then take so much thereof out as will weat your cloth in, and stirre it well therein, then shall ye take of other die, untill the time that it hath sufficient ynough, if yee will haue the same a sanguine, lay it in faire lye of Sope ashes, and there it will haue a faire sanguine die.
To dye woollen yarne, or cloth.
To make this dye, put to foure pound of woollen yarne or cloth, two pound of woad. Put this woad in a kettle, and cast therein of faire water, then cast againe halfe a tin dish full of ashes out of the fire, and as soone as it seethes, put your woollen yarne therein, then let it seeth eight or nine Pater noster whiles long, then put your yarne foorth, & put a little water in out of the Kettle, and then a few ashes out of the harth, and put your woollen yarne againe therein: and so let it seeth a good while, if it be a browne blew, it shall be a darke green, and if it be white woollen yarne, so it shalbe a yealow colour.
Againe to dye woolen yarne.
As ye will dye woollen yarne that is greene, your yarne yee shall first seeth in branne water, which is to understand, to foure pound of yarne, ten ounces of allom, and let it seeth two houres, then wring that out, and put it in the dye thus made. To foure pound of wooll yarne take two pound of woad, and seeth the woad well with hearth ashes, in lye made a day before, so let it seeth the fourth mark of an houre, then put the cleere into a cleane fatte or vessell, then take the fourth part of an onnce of spanish greene, called Verdigreace, poulder it well & cast it therein, and stirre it with a sticke or staffe, then put in your yarne, so turne and tosse it therein the fourth part of an hower, and then let it drie. If it bee not faire ynough, then put it in againe, and do as before. Also as ye would dye blew woollen yarne, yee shall put it first in warme water, then wring it foorth and dye it blew, as it is aforesayd.
To dye with brasill as red as a Rose.
Take sixe elles of linnen, and thereto halfe a pound of beaten galles of the best: then put it in faire water, and let it seeth about two houres, but the galles should rather be all whole, and when they are sodde, set it from the fire, and put it gently in another Kettle or fatte, and then put your linnen therein, as hote as you may handle it, and stirre it therein foure houres long, that done, then wring it well foorth, and hang it to drie. Then take four ounces of Allom, and seeth it with water, and when it is sod, take it from the fire, and put your galled cloth therein, as hote as ye may suffer it, the space of a quarter of an houre, then take your branne water and put thereof in a Kettle, and as it is warme, put therin two pound of grening weede, let it be the first time soke well therein, and let it be well and hote, but not seeth, and then put your cloth therein, and stir and handle it well at the first with your handes, nye half an houre with a staffe tost well all about, and wel handled in the die, and then ye shall take your cloth, and spoonge it in water and wash it cleane. Then take a little Allom, and seeth it with water, then shall ye haue two ounces of brasill sodde in light water, and put your cloth therein, fiue pater nosters long. Then if it be not drie ynough, then weat it as before is sayd.
How to make a greene water.
Take nye halfe an ounce of Verdigreace, and crush it well in a woodden dish, then put thereto the yolke of an egge and two blades of saffron, then take of the leaues of spurge halfe a handfull, and beate them in a morter, and thereto cast a good glassefull of Vinegar, and strayne it thorow a cloth. Then take of this stuffe, and put thereof in a dish with the Verdigreace, and stirre it well together and make it thinne, that it may be the better to dye, or to worke with a pensill, or as ye shall thinke best.
To dye faire linnen with brasill.
Ye shall take faire water, and heate it ouer the fire, then shall ye haue the powder of galles, and put thereof into the Kettle ouer the fire, and so let it seeth a quarter of an hower: then take it from the fire, and take another vessell and put therein so much cold water, as of the other in the kettle, and put that hote in the Kettle thereunto. Then put your cloth therein, and stirre it well up and downe therein, and as ye haue done so a while, then let it lye therein foure houres long in that gall water, then take your kettle againe with other faire water, and set it ouer the fire and make it hote, then put allom therein to the Kettle ouer the fire, and as that water is hot, and the allom melted, yee must then haue another vessell or fatte with cold water, as much as of the other hote water, and put the Allom water therein, then put your cloth therein, and stirre it as aforesayd, and so let it then lye therein foure houres long, so done, then yee shall wring it out and hange it to drie, or to drie in the ayre, but let it not bee too drie. Then shall ye take your brasill made in powder, and put it in the panne, and so let it seeth therein, the quarter of an houre, and before that brasill doe seeth, ye shall take wheat flower, & put therein, mixe it all together well in a dish, and put it into the kettle before it doe seeth: thus done, let it seeth, and as it hath sod, then take forth so much of the brasil, as ye may put in your cloth, and stirre it well about, as is afore declared, thus done, let your cloth rest therein a good while, then wring it forth, and hang it to dry, & as it is dry, ye shall take that liquor that it hath layne in, and put that away, then take againe so much brasill as before, and put that cloth therein againe, and then hange it to drie, and as it is drie, then put it in another licor, and hang it againe to drie, and then it is full done. And to know the quantitie of weight, which is, to euerie elle of linnen cloth, ye shall take a loot of gall powder so called in Dutch, & as much of allom, and to each elle of cloth one ounce of brasill.
To make a faire yealowe.
To make a yealow, that ye may worke with oyle, or water, ye shal take woad, so much as ye shall please, and let it stand to soke a night and a day in lye made of soape ashes, & when it is thus soked, then shall ye seeth it, & couer it close so long as it seeth, thus done, then set it from the fire, & put that liquor into another pan, & so straine it thorough a clean cloth, then take the pan and poure the thinnest aboue off, so long till ye see the die undercome withal, then take the foresayd cloth, & straine it againe thorow it, into another pan so long as ye thinke the substance of the woad doe tarie in the cloth, til ye thinke that that water is thin ynough to staine, and then ye may use it.
A faire linnen cloth to dye blewe.
For to dye a faire blew, ye shal take a pan of faire water, and hang it ouer the fire, & let it be seething hot, then must ye haue a vessell of halfe an Ame, so cald in dutch, or thereabout, & as your licor is hot, put thereto 3 pound of wheat bran, & 3 pound of ashes, and a pound of greening weede, stir all this in the pan, & let it seeth 3 or 4 paternosters long, then take of floray under halfe a pound, & soke it in faire water, & let it there rest a quarter of an houre couered, then take your clean vessel or Ame, & therein put your soked floray, then take the hot licor ouer the fire, but let it coole ere ye put it into the fatte, then put it in and stirre it well, & so couer it wel and close, and let it so rest sixe houres long, then uncouer it & stirre it well about a good while, then couer it close againe, & let it rest other vi houres, then uncouer it & stir it as before, & so stop it again, then uncouer it within 2 or 3 houres, and looke if the die begin to come, or begin to wax greene [Ed.note: in original, phrase here added: "Or if the scum from the bloom begins to appear"], if they do not, let it rest longer and stoppe it close, if ye see it be come, put therein some of your cloth that ye would die, and turne it well therein, then wring it out, and let it rest 2. or 3. houres: then put in again your cloth, & use it as aforesayd, and so stop it wel again, and let it rest so 2 or 3 houres, till ye shall see the dye begin to come, and the flower to lye aboue, & to euerie going that ye goe thereto, see if the colour be green ynough, or wax green, and when ye shall see it so, ye shal scom off the flower with a dish, and then put your cloth again therein, stirre it wel, and wring it forth, then stop it again wel, and thus ye must color three or four times a day. Then must ye take the dye in the vessell, and hange it ouer the fire againe, and there let it bee hot, and put therin two pound and a halfe of ashes. Then put it in the fatte, and so let it rest, but stoppe it well and close, so let it rest a night, but stirre it once in the night with a staffe, & see in the morning if the die be come, as aforesayd, & so put in your cloth againe, but let it not lye therein too long, that it coole not the die, and as yee haue thus dyed it foure times. Then shall ye make it hot agayne ouer the fire, putting therein two pound of pot ashes, & so let it rest all a night, & stirre it once in the night as aforesaid, and stoppe it close, and when yee goe thereto, see if the dye be come, and if it be come, yee may dye, as before, what yee thinke good, and when your colour waxeth a faire green, then is your die good and ripe, and the flowers will lye faire aboue, but as it beginnes to waxe yealow, then is it too ripe: and then must yee put in more cloth.
How to dye a faire Linnen with brasill.
Yee shall take so much linnen as ye will, and to euery elle of linnen, take two ounces of gall nuts, or xii nuts: these nuts yee shall breake in twoo or three peeces, then put them into a kettle with water, and let them seeth together, and when they haue sod a quarter of an houre or lesse, then take it from off the fire, and take your cloth foorth thereof, and let it a little soake by, but let it not drie. As ye haue thus sod it, ye shall take another kettle with faire water, and put it ouer the fire and make it seething hote, then shall ye to euery elle of cloth, take twoo ounces of Allom which ye shall put in the said water, & as it is melted, yee shall take the foresaid cloth and put it into the said kettle to the Allom and let them seeth together a quarter of an houre, then take it forth of the kettle and wring it a little, then hang it to drie a little, but not too much. Then yee must haue your sod brasill as thus: ye shall take lye made of wood ashes, but see it be not too strong, and thereof so much in your panne as wil make your cloth weat, then put your brasill into the pan with the lye, and so let it seeth a quarter of an houre, then set it from the fire, and haue ready an earthen panne, and by and by put your liquor and brasill therein, then shall yee put your foresaid cloth therein, and stirre it & turne it well therin, but see that it be not too dry of the said Allom that it hath been sod with. Also to foure gallons of lye, ye shall put lesse then halfe a pound of brasill poulder small beaten.
To make a fayre brasill colour, to work on cloth or paper.
Ye shall take a faire potte and put therein a pound of chalke small broken, and put thereto a pottle of good Vineger, and stirre it well togither: then let it stand a day and a night, then poure the clearest into a faire panne, & see that no chalke goe therein, then take two parts of the said lye and put it into a faire pot, and set it ouer the fire, and seeth it fiue nosters long, and then take it from the fire, and put the liquor into a faire pan, and ye shall put thereto xiii ounces of allom, & stirre it wel with a staffe, then take the other part & put it to the said brasill wood, the which ye haue changed, and let it there seeth as aforesaid, and then put that liquor into another panne, and put thereto xiii ounces of Allom, which ye shall stirre so well as aforesaid, and when ye haue tost it long, put it then to the other and stirre it well: and as ye will haue it drie, take a panne and fill it full and set it in the wind viii dayes or more, and there let it dry, and as it is faire yee may worke therewith.
Blue buckeram to dye.
Take three pound of gruis of Turwin (so called in dutch) and a pound of Mede, a pound of Floray, and to three pound of Sope ashes, take lx quartes of water, & first yee shal put your Floray into a faire fatte, and put thereto ten quarts of water and stirre it well al togither, this must be so hote that ye cannot suffer your hand therin, in the other water ye shall put the gruis, with the ashes and Mede, and that put together, & so stand, which ye shall stirre xii houres long, and waxing a blew, so ye may worke with it. If it be not blew ynough, so let it stand couered, xx. houres long.
A red to dye with Crampmede.
Take a pound of Crampmede, to three elles of linnen, and take a faire pot with water, and set it by the fire till it be readie to seeth, and put therein two ounces of gals, and let them so seeth together, and then put your linnen therein, and take it sometimes out and in, and at each time wring it well out. Then take a faire pot with faire water, and make it seething hot, then put therein an ounce of Allom, and so let it seeth well, then put your cloth in as aforesayd. Then take another pot of water, and let it seeth therein till it be red, then take that cloth out, and clense it all about with a cloth. If ye will haue it more darker, then must ye haue a lye of unquenched chalke, with a like dye: men with woad ashes do make a red dye or colour, without unquenched lime, in hauing woad ashes in stead of unquenched lime.
To dye blacke Veluet or Linnen.
Take of gals and coperas, & seeth them together, and put your linnen therein, if it be gray silke, then take of Elder barks, and old yron, and put all in a herring barrell or vessell. Then take gruis or swarte, this shall be a third dele [part] of the fat, the other two parts shalbe faire water, so let it stand three weekes long, & so stir it often well about, and put your gray silke therein, and as this is done, so shall ye hang it to drie, and so put it in againe, so often till that it be blacke ynough. In stead of galles ye may take barkes of Oke, and Shomakers blacke.
To make gray flore.
Take flore and lay it to soke 24. Houres, then wring it out thorow a cloth, then take lye of wine ashes, and spred it two houres long on a faire table, then take the sayd lye and put it in three vessels, & take the flore and put it into one of the vessels. Then put it well forth, and then put that Flore in the least vessell, then so in the middest, and in the first, but ere ye put the linnen therein, put in vineger and wring it out.
To dye silke red.
Take of good wood ashes, & make a good lye thereof, and put therein of willow or faucet woad, & barbarie wood or yealow wood, & soke them therein an houre, then seeth it a quarter of an houre, then put your cloth therein, & put in a little spanish greene, but that cloth ye must first allom it.
To make a blacke water to die with.
A blacke water to die all maner of silke clothes, ye shall take halfe a pound of gall nots, & put thereto somewhat lesse than a pottle of water, and an ounce of swarfe of the grindstone, and a good deale of the fylings of yron, make it seeth, & put thereto a quarter of a pound of coperas, and seeth all to the halfe, and put therein a pound of gumme arabie, then seeth it till all the gumme be melted. Then set it from the fire, the older it is the better it will be.
To make a thicke water to worke on yealow silke.
Take a pottle of the best vernice ye can, & put in an ounce of brimstone in fine pouder, & half an ounce of camphier, then seeth it a while, and let it coole, then strayne it thorow a cloth, also with this ye shal worke thinne, and this must be sod with the fourth part of gumme Arabie.
To work on yealow silke, white, gray or azure color.
Take a pottle of Conduite water, and a fourth part of Arsenicke in powder, and two ladles full of woad, cut the woad in small peeces, and make it seeth as herring, that is softly then set it from the fire and put therein so much of graynes, as ye put in porrage, and herein also ye shall put in of gumme of Arabie, so much as you shall thinke good.
To make a red water.
Take a pottell of faire water, and a fourth part of gumme, and halfe a pot of faucet woad (so called in dutch) and then seeth it together till three pintes bee consumed, then set it from the fire, and herein yee shall put halfe an ounce of spanish greene, and then put in also of graynes, so much as ye doe in seasoning your pottage.
To make a red with brasill.
Take your Linnen to one pound, take a fourth part of Allom, but first seeth Allom, then lay your linnen therein the space of two houres, then take of beaten galles, and put water thereto, then lay your linnen therein, and put in a quarter of a pound of brasill, and an ounce of gumme of Arabie. Then let it seeth a fourth part in, and then put in your Linnen. If you will haue it a redde, then put in no galles.
To make a red water for white silke or woollen, greene, yealow, violet or azure.
Take a pottle of running water, and an ounce of brasill, seeth these till the halfe be consumed. Then take it from the fire, and put in so many graines, and as ye put unto a pot of pottage, and a fourth part of gumme. But if ye will make it a light red, put it into another fat, whereas there is a quarter of a pound of Allum made in powder, and so let it rest all night, and it will doe well.
To make a blew.
Take three parts of Sope ashes, and one part of unquenched lyme, and make a lye thereof, and then let it cleare, then straine it through a thicke cloth, and ye shall take xv quarters of the said lye, and put thereto a pound of Bloemen (so called in Dutch) then stirre it all well together with a staffe, and warme it ouer the fire, so that you may not scant suffer your hand therein, but first your cloth must be sod in Allom, and also dryed, then put in the warme dye, two or three times, then water, if yee will haue it blacke or light colour, so ye may use it, but before all thinges your dye must be warmed, ere ye dye or color therewith.
To make a faire sanguine dye.
Take upon each elle of linnen, sixe galles beaten into powder, and then take three gallons of water put into a tubbe, and put the powder of the galles thereto, and stir them well together, then lay your linnen therein, and turne and wend it wel. Then take and wring it dry out, then let it lye therin againe two houres long, but at each houre ye must wring it, as before, and lay it therin again in the tubbe, and as it hath layne two houres, & so wrung out, then take an ounce of Allom, of the best, and three gallons of water in a Kettle, & make it well and hot readie to seeth, till all be wel molten, then set it from the fire, and put your linnen therin, & do it as ye haue done before againe two houres long, then after that take a pan, and put therein two gallons of water, and warme that like the other, then take three ounces of brasil, and cast it therin, againe, let it seeth a quarter of an houre, then take a good quart of water, and cast it therein seething, and take a quart of that die, and lay your linnen therein sixe or vii paternosters long, so that yr dye be drunke all in the said cloth, then wring it forth and handle it well, then lay the cloth againe, in that dye, tosse it, and turne it and wend it well therein, and let it lye therein so long as aforesayd, and so wring it out, then take the third colour and lay it therein, and let it lye therein a quarter of an houre, and so it will be well.
A light red dye for Skinnes.
To die a faire light red, take 14 drie skinnes as they come from Antwerp, and put them in the riuer, or in water two daies, and two nights, then take them out of the said water, and put into a fat, a Kettle full of unquenched lyme or chalke, and put so much water thereto, as the felles may wellbe couered therein, then stirre them well with a staffe al together, and put your felles therein, then turne and tosse them wel, if it be in the summer, it shal be ynough to lye therein eight days, & ye must each 2 daies see unto them, if it be in the winter, they must lye therein a moneth, then take your felles out, and hang them again in the foresaid riuers or water three dayes, & three nights, then after wash them well in a tubbe with luke warme water, and stampe them with your feete, then after wash them again in the riuer water as aforesayd. And hang a kettle ouer the fire with faire water, and therein put 4. pound of Allom, and when it is molten in the water, seething hot, putting in so much water that it may be no hotter, but your hand may suffer therin without scalding, then set it from the fire, and put your Felles therein and stirre them well with your hand, so let it rest a day and a night, but as ye goe to bed you shall stir them once well, then after take your Felles forth, & wring the water well out, and as your Felles doe waxe somewhat drie, ye must weat them againe: then take 4 pottles of pisse that is stale, hang it ouer the fire in a pan, let it seeth wel, & scum it clean so long as any scum wil rise, then put in a pot ful of beaten lacke, and let it therein seeth a little, and put therein so much Allom as a hasel nut, & giue it therewith a boyling, then set it from the fire, and let it so rest till it be cold to suffer your hand therin, then put a glasse ful thereof in your felles which be readie sowd like a sacke, & hold it too aboue, & with your other hand hold under, and shake it up and down as you would bolt meale, doe thus so long til the color hath well taken the leather, then turne your fels about, but if it be faire ynough let it so be, if it be not faire ynough, put of your sayd substance againe another halfe glasse therein, and stirre it about as before, and then rippe your felles, and hang them to drie in some hye loft. And as they be drie, so take and lay them a night in a fat with water, & next day taw them on a sharpe tawing yron, untill they be all workemanly done, then they are well.
To make leather red.
Take an ounce of allom & melt it in a gallon of water, then take a calfes felle, & spread it on a frame, so let it be rubbed all ouer with allom water first, then incontinent ye shall strike it all ouer with brasill water, and let it so drie in, and then strike it all ouer againe, and so let it dry in like, but the color or die must be made warme alwayes, when ye rub thereon. But first ye must make it weat with cold water, and wring it againe out, and then straine it forth on a bord, and so ye may use it. The foresayd brasill water, ye shall make thus. Take three gallons of raine water, and put therein foure ounces of brasill woad made in powder, and halfe an ounce of Wey ashes, called Sope ashes, with a little saffron. Then seeth it so long till the third part be wasted. Then cleanse that out, and the pot with raine water againe, and let the halfe seeth away. Then is the strength all out, and with this last water ye shall colour first, and with the first water, ye shall die or colour last.
To dye red felles.
To dye red Leather, ye shall seeth Lack in bean straw, and a cursy pisse, as aforesayd is. Then put therein so much as two great Beanes, and then take an ounce of brasill water, and so let them seeth together.
To dresse Felles with gold.
To dresse Felles with gold, take browne red, & grinde it on a stone, with water mixt with chalke, and lyme water, and therewith you shall strike your Felles twise ouer, then lay your siluer or gold thereon and let it drie, then shall ye smooth it with a tooth, and so strike it ouer, and then drie it in the sunne.
To colour greene Felles.
To colour greene Felles, take Spanish greene, & grind it upon a stone with wine Vineger, & some saffron, temper this with gumme water & lyme and so strike your skinnes therewith.
To guild on Leather.
Ye shall ouerstrike your Leather thrise with whites of egges, and gumme water, the lay your gold theron, and licke it well and faire, or the yolkes of hard rosted egges, mixt with gumme water and ground, the red and the gray skinnes ye may vernish them, take a flat bason, and put fire under, and spread the Felles thereon, and strike varnish also ouer the skinnes, where it is coloured, but afore you strike your Felles, strike it warme on the Bason, and then let it drie, then smooth the colour all ouer euen, and when it is drie, then licke it or burnish it with a tooth, and as ye will haue it faire, so take an end of a tallow candle, and rubbe it on your arme, from the hand to your elbowe, then strike it all ouer with that part of your arme, and it is done.
Againe to colour Leather red.
Take the dye for a red Leather, and take an ounce of brasill, in a nealed pot, and seeth till the third part be wasted, but first wash your leather in Allom water, or in other water, but let it not lye long therein, so let it drye, and put it therein, and let it rest two days and two nights on a tacke, and then hang that Leather in the ayre to drye. If ye will haue it sanguine, take of Vine braunches ashes, and make lye thereof, and with this lye, seeth your brasill woad, and so ye may colour red therewith.
To colour or dye a blacke.
Take a vessell, and put in cold gall water, then lay your Fustian therein, stirre it and handle it well therein, and then put it into the blacke die, and tosse it and handle it well therein also, and then againe in the gall water, and againe in the die, doe thus so often till it bee dyed ynough.
To dye a faire yealow colour as Gold.
Lay first your linnen in Allom water foure houres long, then take one part of chalke, and two partes of wood ashes, then make a lye thereof, and seeth your dye therewith, also the best lye to die with is, to take 2 parts of wood ashes, and one part of chalke, worke and use it as yee shall perceiue best.
To dye Fustian gray.
Take of hay ashes, and vine ashes by themselues, and make a lye thereof, then put your fustian there in the hay lye, and then in the other lye, to it thus so long till yee see it all coloured ynough, with these and such like yee may dye linnen gray, but ye must put thereto a little more of calles.
To dye blacke silke or veluet.
Yee shall first soke your silke in gall water an houre long, and then let it drie, then shall ye lay it in the lye of saeche meale, (so called in dutch) and with ashes of vines, and lay it therein xii hours or more, then let it drie wel, and after ye must seeth it in blacke die two or three times till that ye thinke it be faire ynough.
To dye a silke that hath lost his colour.
Take Satten or Damaske that must be made blacke, seeth it first in the die of Oken barkes, then drie it in the winde, then seeth it againe in your black die, and so let it drie alwayes againe. And if then it be not blacke ynough, seeth it in gall water and black die, till it be faire ynough, so let it drie, then rub all ouer with butter, or other grease, and wring it well betwene your handes, then strike it ouer with a faire woollen cloth, and so it wil be well.
To dye Fustian grey.
First lay your fustian to soke the space of 3. Houres, then to viii. Elles of fustian, take two ounces of broken gals, and put them into warme water, then put your gall water into another fat, with eight quarts of fresh water, then lay your fustian therein, and stir it well with your hands therin, tosse it wel, and wring it forth well, & lay it therein again one houre & so wring it wel forth, then put it into the black die, and lay it therein another houre, so wring it well, then scoure it in faire riuer water, and then put it into your gal water, and then the black die, then scoure it and drie it, so burle it and dresse it up, and so it is done.
Blacke silke to dye.
To one pound of silke, take 12 gall nuts beaten into a fine powder, then seeth that silke with the galles in common water, halfe an houre long, then take of your blacke dye, and seeth it therein another halfe houre, then take it forth, and let it coole, and then put it againe into the die, and let it seeth therein another halfe houre, if then it be not faire ynough, seeth it therein, til it be faire, then take and wash it out of that colour and hang it to drie, and so it is done.
To colour curried skinnes greene, or felles to couer Bookes.
Take the buds of white and blacke thorn, which ye must gather in the moneth of August, when they begin to waxe ripe and blacke, put them in a wel leaded pot, the space of Tenne dayes, then put thereto foure ounces of Allom, & boyle them together well, then put it into a powdring vessell of Beefe or Porke, and close it well that it take no wind, then set it a little in the sunne, and when ye would colour therewith, take a little of the sayd colour, & mixe it with some lye, and warme it, and then strike it on the skins, and ye shall see a faire colour. Also take Lincaile, or canker of Latine, hony, and mixe them together in like and put thereto pisse, so much that it may take colour, and also staine the skinne, and then drie it in the shade.
To make a yealow colour on skinnes.
Take the ripe seeds of perprun, so called in french, dry them in the sunne, and when ye will worke therewith, temper it with lye, and with a little Allom of the Rocke, and let it rest till it be molten, the which will make it to take a yealow colour, but the lye must first bee heate a little.
To dye thread blacke.
Take a quantitie of broken or brused galles, and boyle them in water in a small potte, and when they haue a little boyled, take out all the galles, and put into the same pot so much Coperas as ye haue had of galles, and put therewith a little gumme of Arabye, and then giue it againe another boyling, so let it boyle a little, and with the sayd dye, ye shall colour therein your thread, then take it forth, and ye shall see it a faire shining blacke.
To dye thread gray.
Take of the sayd blacke die, so much as ye list, and put thereunto halfe so much water, more or lesse as ye will haue your colour deepe or light. Then boyle your thread therin, & you shall haue it gray as you list, either browne or lighter, or after a mouse dunne.
To die thread in sad Purple colour.
Take the barkes of Pomgranats, and the pilles of dried Oranges, then boyle them in water with a little Allom, as great as a small nutte, then let it coole, and when it is colde, put your thread therein, and boyle it againe, and ye shall haue a faire colour.
For to currie a raw Gote skinne.
Take a gotes skinne raw, and put it in warme water, and let it rest there a daye, then scrape and clense it very cleane, and take away all the filth thereof, and to finishe it, take water, and set it ouer the fire, and put therein a handfull of fatte, and four ounces of roche Allum, then styrre all together till it begin to boyle, then set it from the fire, and let it rest till it be cold, then take an egge, and beate it with a little Oyle oliue, this done put your gotes felle in the saide water, and stirre it well all about with your hands three or foure times, and so it shall bee in good case and well curried.
To die skinnes in a blue like azure.
The wooll being cleane taken off, and the felle washed cleane in faire water, so wring it al out, then take the berries of the greening tree, as paynters use, and the berries of elder, seeth them together in water of Allom, then strayne that water, so let it rest, then poure away the uppermost, and strayne the rest againe, then let it drye, and washe with that cleare water, but see that your felle bee cleane: then take your colour, and strike your felle all ouer therewith being warme, and so let it drie, so it will be a good colour.
To die skinnes in madder, called Ruba tinctorum in Latine.
First see that your skins be ready washed and wrung cleane, and so layde abroade, then shall yee wette it all ouer with the lies of white wine, wherein baye Salt hath beene boyled, and so wring forth that againe, then take the ashes of the shelles of Creuis, or Sea-crabbes, and temper it with the foresaid water and salt, and therewith rubbe your skinnes and wash them wel, then with cleare water, and wring it, take ruddie and temper it with the said lyes, and rub it all ouer therwith, & so with the said ashes, thus wash and wring it three times, if it be not then well, ye shall giue it a clouring with Brasill, and your Madder mixt together with the sayd water or lies, or that some tartar haue been sod in, which must be made warm, when ye lay your ruddle, so leaue it a night then put on your Madder, mixt with Allom, or lies, or allom Catiuum steeped in water, also you may ad unto it, the sheering of scarlet taken out of the boyling lye, which is also good.
A good greene to greene Skinnes.
Take first and cleanse your skinnes, annoint and soke them well in cold water , then take the berries of the sap greening tree, and being ripe about Michaelmas, take & stampe them, and so let them rest 3. or 4 dayes, then put thereto of raine water a litle and then boyle them with a soft fire, stirring them stil, then if ye will haue it light green, put too but a little allom, and the sadder greene put too the more allom in the boyling, and boile it but a litle, then ye may fold your skinnes in the middest, and rub him on both sides therewith, and then with a litle powder of allom, then take ashes burnt of sheepes dung, and all over rub your sayd fels therewith on both sides, then rub him with the sayd colour againe al ouer, so wash it with faire water and let it so dry, but finely wring it out, then spred it, and cast of the foresayd thinne colour, all ouer the Felle, and so let him drie, and it will be a fine colour.
A sleighter greene with the sappe berrie.
Let your skinnes be first annointed, and well washed and so wrung forth, and then stretch them as the order is, then take of the same sap berries aforesaid, let them bee stampt with roch Allom and water, and a little boyled, and therewith giue your skinne a stroke or two all ouer, and then let it drie, then giue it a colouring with yelow, made of the sayd berries, sod with allom and water, and again of saffron, then let it drie, and yee shall see a faire colour.
Another greene of Skinnes.
Your Skinnes being annointed, washed and spread, ye colour it with the foresayd sappe greene, and put unto it a few weat ashes, and rub the Felle all ouer therewith, and being washed and wiped againe, strike it ouer with Indian colour, sod with roch Allom, then let it dry, then strike it ouer with the foresaid yelow, and so ye shall haue a faire excellent greene colour.
To die a Crimson colour.
Scrape hard sope, and so melt in common water, and put your silke in a linnen or thin canuasse bag, and so put it into the kettle to the soped water, and let it boile softly halfe an hour space, but stir it oft for burning, then wash it in salt water first, and after in fresh water, for each pound of silk, take a li. or more of Allom, laide sufficient in colde water, & therein put your silk without your bag, and let it rest therein viii houres, then take and wash it in fresh water, then wring it, & put it in the panne to the crimsine colour, being wel stampt & cleane, tak 4 ounces, and boyle it with so much water as will couer your silke foure fingers aboue the water, & to each pound of crimsine colour, put too three ounces of galles in fine pouder, or in steed thereof yee may put in halfe an ounce of arsnick, which is not very wholesome because of the fume, nor the water thereof, and when it boyleth put in your silk as aforeprepared, and there let it boyle a quarter of an houre then wring it a little, and drye it in the shade, and so it will bee faire.
To die a blacke after the common sort of the countrey women.
They take so much water as will couer the hose, or other cloth, but first they all to strike their hose or cloth, with swart of the grindestone, then they lay alder pilles first in the bottome of the vessell, and thereon lay your cloth or hose, and then pilles thereon againe, then lay your hose thereon, and pilles thereon againe, and then couer al with water, so let them boyle softly two houres space, & turne your cloth often therein, then see if it bee black ynough, if not, take new swart, and pilles, and use them as you did at the first, and so boyle them agine till they be black, then scoure and wash them out, and it is done. Some women do take (in steede of alder) plumtree pilles, some black thorne, and some yong oken pilles, and oke apples greene and so dyes with them in like case, or the tender shewts of bracbryers, or greene walnut huskes, all these are good in summer to die with.