• The Innsbruck Manuscript

    Author: Anonymous
    Modern English (post-1500), German
    Published in 1330
    Renaissance Dyeing Terms
    1300 AD - 1399 AD

    transcribed in Ein Buch von Alten Farben by Emil Ernst Ploss

Recipes

Red

Take filings and rusty iron and soft pitch, and let it boil long together; that makes a good brown on a red fabric.

Black

Take green nutshells and grind them together and let them rot seven days in a (stoneware?) pot, and therewith make a black dye

Black

Whoever wants to make black dye, he takes oak galls and pulverizes them and adds alum thereto and boils it in a skillful way with alum and in urine and dyes therewith; if he wants to make it darker, add black dye thereto.

Red

Take lime in a pot and pour water thereon and mix it well together and let it sink to the bottom of the pot so that the water becomes clear and and take that same water and boil the brazilwood well therin, until it is cooked and then mix in alum and with it dye red zendel (a thin silken material)

Red

Whoever wants to dye whatsoever he wills red, takes cinnabar and rubs it well on a hard stone with alum-water and uses that to dye with. If he wants to make a red color darker, he mixes it with black dye or with verdigris and adds alum therto; then he cooks everything in vinegar and takes brasilwood and boils everything in human urine. Also, brasilwood mixed with alum, mixed with vinegar or with urine [makes a red color darker].

Red

One should take lead oxide and should boil it with vinegar, upon which the colour becomes the colour of tiles (reddish?), and should mix it with alum, and a flower in the field named "zindlot" (Serratura tinctoria) should also be boiled in alum-water and strain it through a cloth, and dye therewith

Red

One should take crabs and boil them well in water and throw out of the pot everything within the shells and boil the rest. Grind [the crabshells] well in a mortar, and strain through a cloth and mix it well with alum, upon which the color becomes reddish; or if one wishes to make the color darker, add verdigris thereto.

Red

Take brasil wood and maple (Acer Campestra, a small maple that grows to 30 feet and is drought resistant) as much as you wish and boil it well in vinegar and take then alum and gum arabic thereto, so the brasilwood and the maple are well cooked, then let the alum and gum arabic seeth together, and therewith color red upon white.

Yellow

Whosoever wishes to make yellow dye, takes orpiment and mixes it with alum, cooked in vinegar, and dyes therewith.

Yellow

One should take barberries (Berberis Vulgaris) and peel the outer rind off; then one should peel off the green and boil it with alumwater and add brasilwood thereto and orpiment and dye therewith

Green

To make a green dye, take verdigris and boil it in urine and mix alum thereto and a portion of gum arabic, and dye therewith; to make the color lighter, take the same color and add orpiment and mix it with alum, cooked in vinegar and dye therewith.

Green

One should take elder and boil it in alumwater, that makes a green color and also a black, if one mixes it with a bit of black color.

Blue

Whoever wishes to make a fast blue, take ground lapis lazuli pigment in vinegar and boil it with gum arabic and with alum and dye therewith. If he wishes to make it dark, add black dye thereto and blue flowers (cornflowers, or "Centaurea cyanus") which stand in the field, and mash it well and boil it in urine and mix it with alum and dye therewith.

XLS