To make a good black dye.

Take a pound of galles, and ye fourth part of coperas, and seeth these together, then put the cloth therein, and stirre it wel about, then hang it to drie, then prepare your dye as thus, take a good great fat, and put therein a fourth part of Rye meale, and halfe so much of swarfe (of the grindstone), and so much of Elder barke, and in like of old yron, & the scales of yron, as it comes off by the hammer heating, stirre this all wel together, and so let it stand three days or euer ye put your cloth therein, and at each time let your linnen drie afore ye put it therein.

Citation Type  Fabric Dye Recipe
Citation Year 1602