Glossary beginning with F

Dictionary of costume terms for Renaissance costume.

f
fruitagesearch for term

decorations of various kinds of fruit: pomegranates, pineapple, grapes, etc.

See also: counterpoint, fruit, serge Synonyms: frutidge, frutage, frutidge
forebodiessearch for term

the front section of a bodice. Frequently kirtle bodices had forebodies of fancier fabric than the rear section.

Synonyms: forbodies, aforebodyes, forebodyes, forbodyes
French Bodiessearch for term

A term first appearing at the end of the 16th century. Described as a bodice boned with whalebone, lacing up the front--i.e., a corset/stays worn under outer garments.

Synonyms: french body
facedsearch for term

lined along the inner edges to a depth of some inches.

Synonyms: facd, facett, fased, facyd, faced, fayced, fayssed
facingsearch for term
Synonyms: facings, fasings, fasinge, facinge, faice, facyng, facynge, to face it
faggotsearch for term

A stick or piece of wood. In the context of textile decoration, a long bar or rectangle shape, or a representation of a piece of wood.

Synonyms: faggotts, faggots
falling bandsearch for term

An ungathered, flared linen collar that was an alternative to the ruff-band in the later 16th century

Synonyms: fallinge bands, camerick bands
fansearch for term
Synonyms: Fane, fanes, Fannes, fanne
farthingalesearch for term

a stiffened hoop-skirt worn during the 16th c. The Spanish Farthingale was cone-shaped; the French Farthingale, which was actually a series of padded rolls around the hips supplemented by boning, was popular in England beginning in the 1580s.

Synonyms: vardingallis, vardingalls, fardingale, ferthingales, verthingalls, farthingales, verthingal, vertingale, vertingales, fartingall, vardingales, verdingales, varthingale, verthingall, verthingales, vardingale, fardingall, varthingales, vardingall, verthingale, verdingale, verdingall, verdingale, vardynggal, verthingalles, vardingell, vardengall
farthingale sleevessearch for term

In the 1590s, large sleeves boned with whalebone, bent or wire were in fashion. These were called farthingale sleeves, or wire sleeves.

Synonyms: wier sleeves, vardynggal slefes, vardengall sleaues, whalebone sleues, vardingell Sleves, furdinall sleves, bon sleves
fashionsearch for term
Synonyms: facions, factions, faccons, faccions, fation, fasshion, facion, facione, faissone, fashions
feathersearch for term
Synonyms: feathers, fethers, fether
feltsearch for term
Synonyms: feltes, felte, felted, felts, fealt, ffealt
ferret silksearch for term

called "floret silk" in later centuries, this was a yarn spun of the finest waste silk that was used for ribbons and embroidery. Slightly cheaper than sleeve silk. From the french word "fleuret", which meant cocoon.

See also: filoselle Synonyms: ferrett silke, ferret silke
filosellesearch for term

A string of spun silk waste, or fabric made from silk waste--similar to silk noil, or slubbed silk. Boyer translates this as "ferret silk" in his French Dictionary of 1839.

See also: ferret silk, peropus Synonyms: philozela
fivesearch for term
Synonyms: fyve
Flanderssearch for term
Synonyms: flemyshe, Flaunders, flemish
flannelsearch for term

A thin, fine material, both linen (in 13th and 14th century England) and woollen (from 15th century onward. Worn by nobility c. 1500, by 1600 it was considered a fabric that should be worn out of sight, as a lining, petticoat or waistcoat.

Synonyms: fllanell, flanyng, flannell, flanell, flan'en, flanyn, flannel
Flemish gownsearch for term

A style of dress worn in England in the later 16th century. The gown flared from the shoulders, belted in at the waist. Some styles were fitted to the waist, with the skirt flaring out. This style of gown had no waist seam, was front-closing, and sported close-fitting sleeves, usually elbow length or waist length, with puffed or boned shoulders

See also: Dutch Gown Synonyms: Flaunders gown, Flaunders fation, Flaunders Gowne
fleur-de-lissearch for term
Synonyms: fleurdelis, flowerdeluces, flowerdeluce, flower-de-luce
flourishedsearch for term

Decorated with applied decoration

Synonyms: florishinge, florishing, flourished, flurreshed, flowereshed, floureshed, florisshed, florisshd, floryshed, florished, floreshed, flourishing
flowersearch for term
Child terms: pansy, gillyflower, honeysuckle, heliotrope, daffodil, cinquefoil Synonyms: flowers, floweres, floures, flours, flourit, flowered
fore-ventsearch for term

the opening at the front of a gown

Synonyms: forevente, foreventes
forehead clothsearch for term

A triangular kerchief, frequently worn beneath a coif and embroidered to match the accompanying coif.

See also: cross-cloth Synonyms: forehedcloth, fored cloth, foredcloth, patclothes, forhead clothe
forepartsearch for term

The front section of a petticoat, kirtle, or gown. In 16th century wardrobe accounts, it most frequently refers to a separate, highly-decorated piece that could be attached to the front of a kirtle or petticoat. Foreparts were a popular New Year's gift to Queen Elizabeth I.

Synonyms: Forepartes, forpartes, forepte, forpart, foareparte, forparte, foreparte, forpart
forequarterssearch for term
foursearch for term
Synonyms: fower
Francesearch for term
Synonyms: Fraunce
frenchsearch for term
Synonyms: frenche, frennche, franshe, franche, ffrench, francia
French Gownsearch for term

A style of feminine dress featuring a closely fitted bodice with a gathered skirt. Popular in England from the 1560s through 1580s.

Synonyms: frenche fashion, frenche gowne, french fation, frenche fation, french gowne, french fashion, frenche facion
French Hoodsearch for term

A headdress, ostensibly popularized in England by Anne Boleyn, worn throughout the 16th century in various forms. It consisted of a paste, billiment and veil.

Synonyms: French whood, French hoodes
French kirtlesearch for term

A kirtle of the french fashion: a tight bodice with a low neck, and a skirt gathered to the waist.

Synonyms: french kyrtell, frenche kyrtill, frenche kyrtell, Frenche kyrtle, frenche kyrtelles, frenche kyrtells, frenche kyrtels, french kyrtle, frenche kyrtles, french kyrtel, Frenche kirtle
friezesearch for term

A heavy, fulled woolen fabric. Used for coats and outer garments, as well as for lining pleats. It had a heavy nap, usually on one side only.

Synonyms: fryze, freeze, frees, frized, fryse, ffryes, freese, frese, fresse, ffres, ffrees, Frizes, freis, frece, fryzed, frease, frize
fringesearch for term
Synonyms: frenges, ffringe, friendged, fringid, fringed, frendge, frendged, frenge, frynge, ffrenges, frenge lase, fringes, frindges, frengid, frindged, frindge, fryndge, frenged, freinyeit, freinge
fringe lacesearch for term
Synonyms: Freng Lace
Frise cloth of goldsearch for term

originally applied to cloths of gold made in Frise, a province in the Low Countries.

Synonyms: fresit claith of gold, fresit clayth of gold
Frise cloth of silversearch for term

a cloth of silver made in Frise, in the low countries.

Synonyms: fresit claith of silver
frizadosearch for term

A woolen cloth with a high nap, more highly esteemed than frieze, worn wherever warmth was desired: in gowns, coats, cloaks, etc. It was worn by nobility in the beginning of the 16th century, but by the end was considered a fabric for commoners.

Synonyms: fryzado, frisadose, ffreasadowe, fryzeado, freisado, freseadowe, fryseads, freaysado, frizadoes, Frysado, freseadow, fresadow
frocksearch for term

A synonym for gown, seen in later 16th century documents.

Synonyms: froke, frokes
frontletsearch for term

Part of a french hood. It was one of the layers worn under the stiffened hood itself.

Synonyms: frontlett
fruitsearch for term
See also: fruitage Child terms: pineapple Synonyms: frute, fruits, frutes
fursearch for term

Furs worn during the Renaissance included sable, mink, coney (rabbit), budge (furred lambskin), foynes(polecat), ermine (white-furred weasel with a black-tipped tail), calaber (brown squirrel), jennet(grey and black spotted civet), miniver (grey squirrel), fox, marten, pampilion, beaver and lucern (lynx).

Child terms: ermine, budge, miniver, lucerne, squirrel, coney, calaber, jennet, civet, sable, foins, marten, beaver, wolverine, pampillon, squirrel fur, mink, fox Synonyms: fure, furred, furs, furring, furr, furres, furringe, furrynge, furring, furre, fyrre
foinssearch for term

Palsgrave: 'Fouinne, foyenne, a foyne or polecat'. Fur less expensive than marten. defined as "Stone marten" bellies in "Rates of the Custom House".

Synonyms: polecat, foyne, fouinne, foyenne, ffewnes, fwnes, foynes
foxsearch for term
Synonyms: foxes
fustiansearch for term

Plain Fustian was, during the 15th century an earlier, a prized cotton-linen fabric imported into England. In the 16th century it became cheaper and began to be made locally. It varied in quality from the coarse "Holmes fustian", a cotton-linen blend used primarily for linings (1s to 2s a yard), to "Milan Fustian", a linen-wool blend that could be more than 30s a yard. "Fustian a napes" was a piled velure fabric of linen or cotton mixed with wool, and was frequently used as a more economical substitute for velvet.

See also: fustian a'napes Child terms: milan fustian, holmes fustian, jean fustian Synonyms: foustion, fustain, fustien, fustyan, buschiam, bustian, fusheon, fussheon, fustiane, Fystyan, fusty, Fustayne, fusteine, fustene, Fustyane, furstran, Fustyane, fuschyan, borstyan, bustion, fustean, fustan, fustyan, fustyon, fustyons, fuschion, holme, ffustian, fustion, fustyn, buston, fustion
fustian a'napessearch for term

a napped fustian, similar to cotton velveteen.

See also: fustian Synonyms: fustians of naples, furstan aples, fustion inaples, fustion in aples, furstran aples