Glossary beginning with K

kermessearch for term

A scale insect used for dyeing scarlet, crimson and purple throughout Europe in the middle ages and renaissance. Eventually replaced by its New World relative, cochineal, in the 16th century.

Synonyms: grana, vermiculum, Cocci Grana
kidskinsearch for term
kotylesearch for term

An ancient greek measurement of capacity, about 0.27 liters. Four Kotylai were equal to one choenix.

krimnossearch for term

An unknown red dye, possibly related to kermes. It may have been a different scale insect, or an inferior form of kermes.