Glossary beginning with B

b
balneasearch for term
barberrysearch for term

berberis vulgaris<

Synonyms: berberis vulgaris, barberries
bay leavessearch for term
beersearch for term
beetsearch for term
blacksearch for term
black clothsearch for term
blackthornsearch for term
Bloodstonesearch for term

Alternate term for hematite.

bloodwortsearch for term

Poligonum Aviculare.

Synonyms: blod wort, knot grass, knot-grass
bluesearch for term
Synonyms: blew, blewe, watchet, indigo, sky, skye, blu
bocalesearch for term

Plural "bocali". A unit of liquid measure. It varied from .8 liters in Milan to 1.31 liters in Bologna and 2.36 liters in Rome.

Synonyms: bocali
bonesearch for term
Synonyms: bones
boxwoodsearch for term
bransearch for term
Synonyms: branne water, gruys water, gruis
brazilwoodsearch for term

Used to dye shades of red, pink & purple. Brazilwood in most dye recipes refers to the indo-asian caesalpinia sappan (aka Sappanwood). All classical, medieval & Renaissance references to brazilwood refer to the sappan variety. rnrnWhen the new world was colonized and a similar tree to sappan found, it too was called brazilwood. "Brazil" became the name of the country where brazilwood was found. Brazilwood's active dyeing property is brasilien. It is a fairly fugitive dyestuff and was often used to supplement madder or kermes reds, to heighten the color.

Synonyms: verzino columbino, verzino, verzino collombino, brasilium, brasill, pernambuco, maria holz
brimstonesearch for term
brownsearch for term
buckthornsearch for term

Rhamnus carthaticus. Buckthorn berries were used extensively in medieval and renaissance times by painters to create "sap green", a yellow-green color. They produce a yellow color when unripe, and a green when ripe.

Synonyms: Sap greene
buttersearch for term